Forest Fire Detector and Fire Fighting Monitoring System Using Solar Cell Based Internet of Things (IoT)

Raden Jasa Kusumo Haryo, Budi Artono, Hanifah Nur Kumala Ningrum, Kumala Mahda Habsari, Isnani Mila Rahma


Forest and land fires in Indonesia, based on National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) are recorded that the burned area reached 328,724 hectares with 2,719 hotspots in the January – August 2019 period. The factors causing forest fires include climate change, human activities in forest areas, and forest officers that can’t be monitored in real-time. The internet of things (IoT) based solar cell-based forest fire detection using for a monitoring system in real-time. This research uses PV (Photovoltaic) as power on the system. This IoT is integrated with the android application so that the user can monitor forest conditions at any time. This research uses ESP8266 12 – F as an IoT module, Arduino Uno for controlling the device, and relays. This result data are based on laboratorium test. The result of this research is a monitoring system that can monitor smoke (MQ-2 sensor), temperature and humidity (DHT22 sensor), water pressure (pressure transmitter), current and voltage in the battery charging remotely and can be controlled automatically when the sensor detects the flame.


Internet of Things; Fire Detector; Flame sensor;

Full Text:

PDF (Indonesian)


A. F. M. Raffei, N. S. Awang, N. S. A. Rahman and N. S. A. Zulkifli, "Internet of Things (IoT) Based Fire Alert Monitoring System for Car Parking," 2020 7th International Conference on Electrical and Electronics Engineering (ICEEE), 2020, pp. 290-293, doi:

Achmad,M. Akhmad, N., Ashuri, N., Galih, W., & Istiadi. 2018, “IoT-Based Flood Detection System Design” Conference on Innovation and Application of Science and Technology, hh. 660-667.

Agus, W. 2019, " The Area of Burned Land in Indonesia Reaches 857 Thousand Ha". Taken From BNPB (National Agency for Disaster Management)

Ahmad, F.F. Sony, S., M. Muhammad Ary. " Design and Implementation of Wireless Sensor Network in Internet of Things-Based Forest Fire Monitoring System". e-Proceeding of Engineering : Vol.5, No.3 Desember 2018. Page 3869.

Arief, R. M., Sony, S., W. Agung Surya. “Design of Forest Fire Sensor System ”, e-Proceeding of Engineering : Volume. 6 Nomor. 2, Agustus 2019. Page 2926.

Artono, B., N. A. Hidayatullah, and B. Winarno. 2019. “Smart Panel System Using Internet of Things.” EAI Endorsed Transactions on Internet of Things 5 (17): 161747. doi:

Artono, S., Susanto F. "Wireless Smart Home System Using Internet Of Things". Jurnal Teknologi Informasi dan Terapan (J-TIT). Vol 5 No 1. 2018. doi:

Chooruang, Komkrit. (2018). Design of an IoT Energy Monitoring System. doi :

Desliana, S.I.. " Application of Iot in Home Door Security System With Esp8266 Using Fuzzy Logic Method ". Jurnal Ilmu Komputer. Vol. 10 No. 1. 2021. doi:

G. Marques, C. Roque Ferreira, and R. Pitarma, “A System Based on the Internet of Things for Real-Time Particle Monitoring in Buildings,” International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, vol. 15, no. 4, p. 821, Apr. 2018. doi:

Indonesia Ministry of Environment and Forestry. 2019, " Recapitulation of Land and Forest Fire Areas (Ha) per Province in Indonesia 2016-2021". Taken From Karhutla Monitoring System.

M. Rudrendu, Madhav, P., Sananda, G., Sumani, M., & Rabindranath, G. 2018, “IoT-based Home Appliances Control System Using NodeMCU and Blynk Server” International Advanced Research Journal in Science, Engineering and Technology, vol. 5, hh. 16-22. doi:

M. . Yusuf, G. Priyandoko, I. Istiadi, and F. Rofii, “Wireless Digital Multimeter Data Logger Prototype Based on Smartphone”, JASEE, vol. 2, no. 02, pp. 61-74, Sep. 2021. doi:

Siswanto,S, S. Sutarti, H. R. Naufal, A. A. Setyo. " Prototype Wireless Sensor Network (Wsn) Forest Fire Early Detection System". Jurnal Perspektif. Vol 4, No 2. 2020. doi:

Tatik,J. Sugeng, P., & Akalily, M. 2018, “Design of Home Fire Prevention Early Detection System using ESP8266 and Blynk ”, Jurnal Transistor Elektro dan Informatika, vol. 3, hh. 120-126.

Wibowo,K., “Management of Land and Forest Fire Handling (Karhutla) to Improve the People's Economy”, Jurnal Studi Sosial dan Politik, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 69-83, Jun. 2019. doi:



  • There are currently no refbacks.


Indexed by:       


ISSN 2442-4528 (online) | ISSN 1979-925X (print)
Published by : Universitas Amikom Purwokerto
Jl. Let. Jend. POL SUMARTO Watumas, Purwonegoro - Purwokerto Telp (0281) 623321 Fax (0281) 621662


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a  Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.