Topic Modeling of Online Media News Titles during COVID-19 Emergency Response in Indonesia Using the Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA) Algorithm

M Didik R Wahyudi, Agung Fatwanto, Usfita Kiftiyani, M. Galih Wonoseto

Abstract


Online media news portals have the advantage of speed in conveying information on any events that occur in society. One way to know what a story is about is from the title. The headline is a headline that introduces the reader's knowledge about the news content to be described. From these headlines, you can search for the main topics or trends that are being discussed. It takes a fast and efficient method to find out what topics are trending in the news. One method that can be used to overcome this problem is topic modeling. Topic modeling is necessary to help users quickly understand recent issues. One of the algorithms in topic modeling is Latent Dirichlet Allocation (LDA). The stages of this research began with data collection, preprocessing, forming n-grams, dictionary representation, weighting, validating the topic model, forming the topic model, and the results of topic modeling. The results of modeling LDA topics in news headlines taken from www.detik.com for 8 months (March-October 2020) during the COVID-19 pandemic showed that the best number of topics produced each month were 3 topics dominated by news topics about corona cases, positive corona, positive COVID, COVID-19 with an accuracy of 0.824 (82.4%). The resulting precision and recall values indicate that the two values are identical, so this is ideal for an information retrieval system.

Keywords


Text Mining; Media Analytics; Topic Modeling; LDA; COVID-19 news

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.35671/telematika.v14i2.1225

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